Diagnosis, Treatment and Management of Eye Diseases Hero

Diagnosis, Treatment and Management of Eye Diseases

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Safeguard Your Vision & Eye Health With Regular Exams

If left untreated, eye disease can lead to permanent vision loss or even blindness. Fortunately, most forms of eye disease and other vision-impairing conditions can be diagnosed using a comprehensive eye exam, even if they have yet to exhibit symptoms.

Regular eye exams allow your optometrist to detect eye disease sooner, so you can begin treatment right away to safeguard your vision.

Your vision is priceless; don’t put it at risk. Book your annual eye exam today.

 

Common Eye Diseases & Conditions

Some eye diseases and conditions occur more frequently than others. If left untreated, eye disease can steal your sight.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a serious condition that affects the macula (the small, central portion of your retina). If left untreated, your central vision will be slowly lost. AMD is the leading cause of blindness in older Americans. Approximately 6.5% of all Americans over the age of 40 already exhibit signs of AMD.

As AMD progresses, your central vision deteriorates slowly until it’s completely lost.

AMD has two main forms: dry and wet.

  • Dry AMD is caused by drusen (small lipid deposits) accumulating under the macula, and slowly damaging the delicate, light-sensitive cells. Dry AMD is more common than its wet counterpart, and its symptoms are typically less severe. There is currently no cure for dry AMD, but a large scale nutritional study (AREDS2) found that a healthy diet rich in select nutrients can slow the progression of dry AMD.
  • Wet AMD occurs when new blood vessels grow under the macula. These blood vessels are generally quite weak, and often leak blood or other fluids, causing permanent damage to the macula’s cells. Wet AMD is less common than dry AMD, but it’s also the more debilitating of the two. There is currently no cure for wet AMD, but this condition can be managed using intraocular injections. These injections are used to halt the progression of the disease but aren’t able to restore any vision that has already been lost.

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Many of us will develop cataracts as we age. Cataracts form when the proteins in your natural lenses become cloudy and opaque, obscuring your vision. Though cataracts are completely painless, as they progress they can make it difficult to go about your daily activities.

Symptoms of cataracts include:

  • Blurry vision
  • Hazy vision
  • Reduced color vision
  • Increased sensitivity to glare, particularly during nighttime driving

There are several factors (including smoking, UV exposure, diabetes, and excessive alcohol consumption) that can increase your chances of developing cataracts or make you more likely to develop them at a younger age.

If your vision is only minimally impaired by your cataracts, your optometrist may suggest workarounds such as a magnifying aid for close activities or anti-glare glasses for nighttime driving. However, if your cataracts impair your vision too much for workarounds, your optometrist will likely suggest cataract surgery.

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Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is a condition that occurs when the thin, transparent membrane that covers the white of your eye (the conjunctiva) becomes inflamed and irritated. When the blood vessels become inflamed, they dilate, giving the white of your eye a pinkish hue and giving pink eye its name.

There are three main forms of conjunctivitis: allergic, bacterial, and viral.

  • Allergic conjunctivitis is triggered by allergens, including dust, pollen, and pet dander. This form of conjunctivitis can generally be managed using antihistamines and isn’t contagious.
  • Bacterial conjunctivitis is caused by a bacterial infection and may require antibiotics if it’s particularly severe. Bacterial conjunctivitis is incredibly contagious, so you should stay away from crowded public areas until it has completely cleared up.
  • Viral conjunctivitis, like the common cold, is caused by a virus. It rarely requires treatment, but it’s highly contagious, so you should stay away from school, work, and other busy areas until your symptoms have completely subsided or you risk infecting others.

Floaters are rarely a cause for concern, and in fact, most of us probably have a few already. Floaters are caused by tiny pieces of collagen (a type of protein) floating around in the vitreous fluid inside your eye. As we age, this fluid gradually becomes less viscous, allowing the floaters to move around more freely and making them more noticeable.

The odd floater may be no cause for concern, but a sudden shower of floaters may indicate your retina has become torn or detached, especially if the floaters are accompanied by flashes of light.

Retinal tears and detachments are incredibly serious and require immediate medical attention to avoid permanent vision loss.

Glaucoma is a serious condition with many different root causes that occurs when the optic nerve becomes damaged. Though this damage is typically caused by high intraocular pressure, this isn’t always the case. Glaucoma can still occur when the eye’s internal pressure is within normal range, a condition called normal-tension glaucoma.

The optic nerve is responsible for transmitting visual information from your eyes to your brain. When it becomes damaged, it can result in permanent vision loss or even blindness.

Glaucoma is treatable, but early detection is critical. To help safeguard your eyes from glaucoma-related vision loss, all eye exams performed at Dr. Finley’s Family Eyecare include glaucoma testing using advanced diagnostic techniques including Non-Contact Tonometry (also called the air puff test), Goldmann Applanation Tonometry, and visual field testing.

To learn more about eye diseases, including treatment and management options, please speak to your optometrist during your next appointment.

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Where are we located?

Dr. Finley’s Family Eyecare is conveniently located on the corner of Pine Street and Monroe Street, across the road from the Pine Street Plaza.

Address

709 Pine Street
Herndon, VA 20170

Contact Information

Phone: (703) 471-7810
[email protected]

Hours of Operations

Monday
9:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Tuesday
8:00 AM – 7:00 PM
Wednesdays
9:00 AM – 7:00 PM
Thursday
8:30 AM – 7:00 PM
Friday
8:00 AM – 5:00 PM
Saturday
8:00 AM – 2:00 PM
Sunday
Closed

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