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Age-Related Macular Degeneration Diagnosis & Treatment in Herndon

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What is Age-Related Macular Degeneration?

Small vision changes are normal as you age, but age-related macular degeneration is responsible for much more severe changes in your vision. Age-related macular generation, or AMD, is caused by the deterioration of the macula. The macula is the central portion of your retina and it’s responsible for visual acuity and your ability to see detail.

AMD most commonly affects people age 50 and older and it’s the leading cause of vision loss in Amercians over the age of 65. Regular eye exams are the best opportunity to diagnose and manage AMD early.

Types of Age-Related Macular Generation

Dry AMD is the most common form of the disease. Around 90% of people with AMD have dry or nonexudative AMD. For the most part, dry AMD is the less severe type of AMD and it only accounts for 10 to 20% of AMD cases that lead to severe vision loss. That said, if dry AMD is left undetected it can progress to the more serious type of AMD known as wet AMD.

Wet AMD, also known as exudative AMD, is the more severe type of AMD. In this type of AMD, abnormal vessels grow in the retina and leak fluid and blood in the macula. As the fluid accumulates, it leads to blurred vision and trouble seeing detail. While wet AMD only affects 10% of people with AMD, it accounts for 80% to 90% of AMD cases that result in vision loss.

How We Diagnose & Manage AMD

Annual Eye Exams

The best way to protect your sight from AMD is with an eye exam once per year, especially if you’re over the age of 65. Regular eye exams allow your optometrist to monitor your vision for slight changes, so AMD can be caught as early as possible. If necessary, your optometrist can perform a dilated eye exam to test your eyes for AMD based on your medical history, family history, and if you’re showing signs of the disease.

AMD Risk Factors

At a regular eye exam, your optometrist can evaluate your risk of developing AMD. Factors that increase your likelihood of developing AMD include:

  • Advancing age, especially over age 65
  • Family history of AMD
  • Cardiovascular disease, such as hypertension
  • Smoking

Warning Signs of AMD

Blurry or distorted vision can be signs of AMD. AMD leads to a loss of visual acuity, or your ability to see fine detail. For many patients with AMD, this presents as difficulty driving or trouble recognizing faces. You may also have trouble with tasks like reading and may need to rely on a magnifying glass to read small print.

If you notice any changes in your vision, visit your optometrist right away.

Nutritional Supplementation

Nutritional supplementation is a technique used to manage AMD. Research has shown that foods rich in carotenoids can help reduce the risk of AMD, particularly wet AMD. Carotenoids like lutein and zeaxanthin act as antioxidants and help to protect the retina. Foods rich in lutein and zeaxanthin include:

  • Egg yolks
  • Fruit like apples, mangoes, kiwis, grapes
  • Squash, pumpkin
  • Brussel sprouts
  • Green beans
  • Broccoli
  • Cucumber
  • Corn
  • Orange juice

Our Services

Our Reviews

Our Location

Where are we located?

Dr. Finley’s Family Eyecare is conveniently located on the corner of Pine Street and Monroe Street, across the road from the Pine Street Plaza.


709 Pine Street
Herndon, VA 20170

Contact Information

Phone: (703) 471-7810
Fax: 703.471.6549
[email protected]

Hours of Operations

9:30 AM – 5:00 PM
8:00 AM – 7:00 PM
9:00 AM – 7:00 PM
8:30 AM – 7:00 PM
8:00 AM – 5:00 PM
8:00 AM – 2:00 PM

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